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Newsletter for 12th April 2024

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  • Newsletter for 12th April 2024

    Electric Scotland News

    Message from the Governor General on the 107th anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge
    April 9, 2024

    On the 107th anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge, we reflect on the bravery and sacrifice made by members of the Canadian Armed Forces. As commander-in-chief, I am proud to recognize the efforts of our soldiers, past and present. Today, we honour their memories and remind ourselves that we must always work towards peace.

    The Battle of Vimy Ridge holds a significant place in our nation’s history. It was one of the first examples of Canadian unity on a global scale—one of the first examples of showing the world what Canada is capable of: our strategic capabilities, our collaboration, our ingenuity. But victory came at a cost.

    We honour the sacrifices of those who lost their lives. We recognize all those who came home with physical and mental scars. And we remember the enduring legacy they have left behind. Their bravery and sacrifice shaped our national identity and inspired future generations to uphold the values that define us as Canadians: compassion and the belief in a better world.

    I encourage all Canadians to reflect on the significance of Vimy Ridge and the stories of our brave soldiers. Learn the stories of the Indigenous soldiers who fought at Vimy, such as those who served with the 107th “Timber Wolf” Battalion. Or the story of Private Robert Gilbert and other Black Canadians who fought at Vimy Ridge. Or the story of Ethelbert "Curley" Christian, who had both his arms and legs amputated as a result of injuries sustained at Vimy, yet retained a positive outlook on life and helped establish a program for disabled veterans that is still operating today.

    There are many other stories that represent our diverse country. I encourage you to learn about them. We owe that much to the Canadians who were at Vimy Ridge more than a century ago, as well as to their families, who also sacrificed.

    Let us all tell their stories and remember the lost possibilities of every life cut short.

    Lest we forget.

    Mary Simon


    For further information about Canada's contribution to the war see....
    http://www.electriccanadian.com/forces/war_great.htm

    ---------

    Reading the above you might like to know more about Glen Campbell, who created the 107th "Timber Wolf" Battalion and you can read his biography at:
    http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/campb...nlyon_14E.html

    I've also done some additional research and added a page for the Battalion to our Armed Forces page at: http://www.electriccanadian.com/forces/107th.htm


    Scottish News from this weeks newspapers

    I am partly doing this to build an archive of modern news from and about Scotland and world news stories that can affect Scotland and as all the newsletters are archived and also indexed on search engines it becomes a good resource. I might also add that in a number of newspapers you will find many comments which can be just as interesting as the news story itself and of course you can also add your own comments if you wish which I do myself from time to time.

    Here is what caught my eye this week...

    Devolution has been a disaster
    The SNP’s Hate Crime and Public Order Act has drawn criticism from the likes of JK Rowling and Elon Musk, who have rightly condemned the Act’s vague definition of 'hate crime'. But this terrible piece of legislation is not merely a bug within devolution, it is a feature of what has become a disastrous political experiment.

    Read more at:
    https://thecritic.co.uk/devolution-has-been-a-disaster

    Reform UK threatens Tories in over 300 seats
    Perhaps the most shocking thing about the latest YouGov MRP polling is how little of a shock it seems.

    Read more at:
    https://unherd.com/newsroom/reform-u...ver-300-seats/

    Kemi Badenoch hails Brexit victory as new figures show UK is world's 4th largest exporter
    The UK has overtaken France, the Netherlands and Japan to move into fourth place in the global rankings.

    Read more at:
    https://www.express.co.uk/news/polit...exports-brexit

    SNP support at lowest level since 2014 independence referendum, poll suggests
    Humza Yousaf's party could be left with just 18 MPs if the result of the survey was replicated at election time.

    Read more at:
    https://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/p...-2014-32554160

    Blyth Spirit: home truths about Scottish secession
    RECENTLY, there was an event in Dundee organised by a group called ‘Scotonomics’, whose self-proclaimed task is Demystifying our economy. To this end they enlisted a genuine expert, Professor of international economics Mark Blyth, a well-known separatist supporter who preaches secession from his fastness in Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island

    Read more at:
    https://thinkscotland.org/2024/04/bl...ish-secession/

    Scots chef reveals how to make perfect crispy morning rolls in your own home
    The roll and sausage is a delicacy with a difference in Scotland - and now you can make the crispy rolls yourself.

    Read more at:
    https://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/scotla...-make-32555062

    Conrad Black: A better approach than reconciliation
    A plan is needed to address legitimate grievances, but we must stop using this subject as source of mass confessional therapy

    Read more at:
    https://archive.is/2UXIF

    Scotland’s First Minister becomes victim to his own Hate Crime laws
    Sky News Australia host James Macpherson reveals a large number of the complaints made within the first 24 hours of Scotland introducing their ‘Hate Crimes’ law were against the country's First Minister Humza Yousaf himself.

    Watch this at:
    https://youtu.be/lTD-SyEXe5E?si=iK9ZWPiBrov4MW9e

    Canada wildfires
    Officials warn of explosive wildfire season

    Read more at:
    https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-68789278



    Electric Canadian

    107th Timber Wolf Battalion
    A study of this Indigenous Battalion's Participation in the Canadian Expeditionary Force During World War One

    You can read some information about them at:
    http://www.electriccanadian.com/forces/107th.htm

    Rail in Canada 1990
    From Statistics Canada (pdf)

    You can read this at:
    http://www.electriccanadian.com/tran...ilincanada.pdf

    The Canadian Annual Review of Public Affairs
    1910 issue - The death of King Edward and the accession of King George V.

    You can read this at:
    http://www.electriccanadian.com/hist...nual/index.htm

    Canada and the Navy
    Answers to important Questions Issued by the Central Information Office of the Canadian Liberal Party, Ottawa, Canada (pdf)

    You can read this 4 page report at:
    http://www.electriccanadian.com/forc...navy00libe.pdf

    Statistics Canada
    Catalogue 1994 (pdf)

    You can read this at:
    http://www.electriccanadian.com/tran...canada1994.pdf

    Petro-Canada
    Annual Report for 1978 (pdf)

    You can read this report at:
    http://www.electriccanadian.com/tran...etrocanada.pdf

    Thoughts on a Sunday Morning - the 7th day of April 2024
    By the Rev. Nola Crewe

    You can watch this at:
    http://www.electricscotland.org/foru...-of-april-2024

    The Canadian Annual Review of Public Affairs 1909
    By J. Castell Hopkins, F.S.S.

    You can read this at:
    http://www.electriccanadian.com/hist...nual/index.htm



    Electric Scotland

    Clan Chattan
    Added a couple of videos to our Clan Chattan history page which you can view at:
    https://electricscotland.com/webclan.../chattan2.html

    Royal Commission on Physical Training (Scotland)
    Report of the Royal Commission on Physical Training (Scotland) Volume 1. Report and Appendix and Volume II. Minutes and Index (1903) (pdf)

    Fascinating report which you can read at:
    https://electricscotland.com/educati...ngscotland.pdf

    Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots
    Early memorials of Scottish History edited by William F. Skene, LL.D. published by the authority of the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, under the direction of The Lord Clerk Register of Scotland (1867) (pdf)

    You can read this book at:
    https://electricscotland.com/history...ofthepicts.pdf

    Scottish Myths and Legends
    A video by The Great British Channel which you can view at:
    https://electricscotland.com/history/waifs/index.htm

    Folk-Lore and Legends
    Scotland (1889) (pdf)

    You can read this book at:
    https://electricscotland.com/history...ege00tgoog.pdf

    Folk-Lore Society
    Added Volume 29 (1918) (pdf) towards the foot of the page which you can get to at:
    https://electricscotland.com/history/waifs/index.htm

    Scots graduates must do less Angry Birds more early-bird career calls
    Rising numbers of Scots graduates are far too addicted to their smartphone by Bill Magee

    You can read his article at:
    https://electricscotland.com/magee/article007.htm

    The Connection between England and Scotland
    By Ella S. Armitage (1885) (pdf)

    You can read this book at:
    https://electricscotland.com/history...00armiuoft.pdf



    Story

    Francis Thornton Barrett and the Mitchell Library in Glasgow

    THE City Librarian of Glasgow was born at Liverpool, 20th September, 1838, and is a son of the Rev. John Barrett, Congregational minister, and his wife, Mary Ann, daughter of William Thornton, of London. His father's family was resident for several generations in Gloucestershire and Worcestershire.

    After enjoying an ordinary school education, he was, in 1852, apprenticed to a bookseller and printer at Bolton, in Lancashire, and was connected with those trades in Lancashire and afterwards in Birmingham until 1866. In August of that year he was elected Sub-Librarian of the Reference Department of the Birmingham Free Libraries, and took part in the organisation of the institution, which was opened in the following October. He remained in this service until March, 1877, by which time the Birmingham Reference Library had become known as one of the most important and successful of the larger provincial libraries of England. In November, 1876, Mr. Barrett became a candidate for the post of Librarian of the Mitchell Library, Glasgow, then about to be commenced. Among the papers submitted in support of his application were testimonials from the Birmingham Libraries Committee, signed by the Right Hon. Jesse Collings, then chairman; from the Right Hon. Joseph Chamberlain; from the late Mr. George Dawson; from the late Dr. R. W. Dale, and others. He was elected in February, 1877; entered on the duties of the post on 15th March, and has continued in the service of the library to the present time. Following on the decision of the Corporation to establish district libraries in different parts of the city, Mr. Barrett was nominated City Librarian in May, 1901.

    The Mitchell Library was organised as a library for reference and consultation within the rooms only, and was opened to the public by Lord Provost Sir James Bain, in November, 1877, in temporary premises at No. 60 Ingram Street. It then contained about 14,000 volumes. The number of volumes issued to readers on the first day was 186. It immediately became apparent that the library met a real want in the city, for the attendance of readers increased rapidly and regularly, and very soon became larger than could be comfortably provided for by the accommodation at command. By the year 1885 the average daily issue of books to readers amounted to more than 1,500 volumes, a number which involved a regrettable amount of overcrowding. The efforts of the Library Committee to find more suitable premises were continued for several years, and on the completion of the City Chambers they were able to secure for the library the building in Miller Street which had been the offices of the Water Department of the Corporation. This building was re-constructed and suitably furnished, and the library was reopened in it by the late Marquess of Bute, in October, 1891. At that time it contained over 80,000 volumes.

    The history of the Library in the Miller Street building has been a continuation on the lines of its experience in Ingram Street. Under the influence of the improved conditions, the attendance again rapidly increased, with the result that the limits of accommodation were reached about 1895. The use of the library since that date has fluctuated somewhat, but generally has been as large as space has permitted.

    The library now contains more than 175,000 volumes, and includes a vast number of works of value in all departments of literature. The use of the library has always been marked by the large proportion of books of information and study which have been issued. During the first thirty years of its existence, which ended at ten o'clock on the evening of Monday, 4th November, 1907, the total number of volumes issued to readers was 12,402,636, equal to a daily average of 1,418. Of this number 1,062,083 volumes, or 8.56 per cent., were works in relation to Theology, Philosophy, and Ecclesiastical History; in History, Biography, and Travels, 2,720,135 volumes, or 21.93 per cent.; in Law, Politics, Sociology and Commerce, 534,813 volumes, or 4.72 per cent.; in arts, Sciences, and Natural History and the application of these to Industries and Manufactures, 2,739,617 volumes, or 22.09 per cent.; in Poetry and the Drama, 668,136 volumes, or 5.39 per cent.; in Philology, 292,023 volumes, or 2.35 per cent.; in Prose Fiction, 998,375 volumes, or 8.05 per cent.; in Miscellaneous Literature, 3,336,949 volumes, or 26.91 per cent.

    In addition to the large amount of reading in books noted above it is estimated that there has been an almost equally large number of references to, or consultations of, the current numbers of the 500 selected reviews, magazines, journals, and other periodicals in the magazine room.

    As is well known, the accommodation provided in Miller Street has become quite inadequate for the requirements of the library; and the Corporation are now erecting a new building in North Street, which, it is anticipated, will provide ample room both for readers and for books for many years to come.

    In the growth of the library itself, and in the use made of it by the public, the progress made by the Mitchell Library during the first thirty years of its existence has been greater than that made by any other British Library in the same relative period, it is proper to mention the names of Mr. John Ingram and of Mr. Robert Adams, for many years the senior members of the library staff.

    The question of the establishment of popular district libraries and reading rooms, which form so striking a feature in the library establishments of the other great towns of the United Kingdom, was under consideration on several occasions from 1864 onwards; but no effective steps were taken in that direction until 1898. In that year the Corporation decided to take powers for such an establishment in a local Act of Parliament. Accordingly, clauses were inserted in the Glasgow Corporation (Tramways, Libraries, etc.) Act, 1899, which empowered the Corporation to establish district libraries in various parts of the city, and to levy a rate not exceeding one penny in the pound for their service. The city librarian was instructed to prepare a scheme for the consideration of the Corporation. The scheme as submitted provided for eight district libraries and five reading rooms, and was, after consideration, generally approved. A commencement was made by placing a library and reading room in halls attached to the Corporation Baths building in Gorbals; but before further progress was made the situation was entirely changed by the receipt from Dr. Andrew Carnegie of an offer to provide the sum estimated as required for the buildings for the district libraries, namely 100,000. This most munificent gift led the Corporation to revise and extend their proposals, and the city librarian was instructed to prepare an amended scheme. The new scheme provided for fourteen district libraries and three reading rooms. One of the proposed reading rooms was subsequently raised to the status of a library, and the union of Kinning Park with Glasgow brought the library, established there by a gift of 5,000 from Dr. Carnegie, within the Glasgow establishment. With two exceptions, for which sites have not been secured, the whole of the proposed libraries have been completed and are now in full working order. Each of the fourteen district libraries contains a lending department, from which books are drawn for home reading; a large general reading and news room, with magazines, newspapers, and a collection of 600 to 1,000 volumes of works of reference and of general literature; a reading room for ladies, and reading rooms for boys and for girls. The number of volumes in each of the fourteen libraries is from 8,000 to 15,000.

    The use made of the libraries by the general public is a sufficient demonstration of the reality of the need they supply. During the month of January, 1909, the number of visitors to the libraries (including the Mitchell Library) was over 688,000, and of books issued or consulted over 304,000. The number of borrowers' tickets in force in the lending libraries is over 62,000. The number of books handled in the system of exchange, by means of which borrowers wherever resident are enabled to call for books from libraries in other parts of the city, is about 20,000 per year. The organisation and conduct of these district libraries call for the best efforts of a considerable staff, which acts under the direction of Mr. John McDonald, who succeeded Mr. S. A. Pitt, in September, 1908, as superintendent of District Libraries.

    Mr. Barrett is an original member, a Fellow, and President of the Library Association; and has contributed papers on various points of professional practice to its annual conference and to the professional journals.


    END

    Weekend is almost here and hope it's a good one for you.

    Alastair

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