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Thread: British Nuclear Testing in Australia

  1. #71

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    Re: British Nuclear Testing in Australia

    At last, mind you it is only 50 to 60 years after the event [or so], The Oz government just had to wait till the numbers dwindled right down and most of the surviving participants are up around the 80 mark or older .


    Budget 2017: Veterans exposed to radiation welcome Government decision to grant Gold Card access


    Piesse)















































    Members of the Ex-Services Atomic Survivors Association at the announcement in Mandurah, WA









    Former Australian servicemen and women who were exposed to radiation from nuclear bombs have welcomed the Federal Government's decision to give them a veterans' Gold Card.

    The Gold Card, which covers health costs, had not been available to those sent to Hiroshima in the 1940s and those who were at British test sites in Western Australia and South Australia.

    But that is set to change, with $133 million allocated for survivors in the federal budget.

    Speaking in Mandurah, the Member for Canning and former SAS captain, Andrew Hastie, said there was a high cancer rate among the RAN sailors sent to the Montebello Islands off the coast of Western Australia.


    "These men worked on the islands only four years after the first atomic test with no protective gear," he said.

    "Many were on [the] deck of their ships and fully exposed during a subsequent test, in very close proximity to the explosion.

    "Of the surviving 51 members who have been surveyed, 43 per cent have had some kind of cancer. Of the 28 who have already passed on, 14 have died from cancer.

    "This is a story of young Australians who answered their country's call during the period of national service — they served in dangerous and hazardous conditions in the Montebello Islands."


    Read on at the link..... http://www.abc.net.au/news/story-str...cision/8504884

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  3. #72

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    Re: British Nuclear Testing in Australia

    This a follow-on to the offshore tests conducted by the British............................



    OPERATIONS HURRICANE AND MOSAIC



    On 3 October 1952, a nuclear device with a reported yield
    of 25 kilotons exploded just off Trimouille Island in the
    Montebellos group some 130km off the Pilbara coast of
    Western Australia. It was the first of several nuclear tests
    conducted in Australian territory in the 1950s, and the first
    ever conducted by the United Kingdom.
    British planning for an atomic test began in 1949 and in
    September 1950, an informal approach was made to
    Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies regarding the
    possibility of testing an atomic device in Australian
    territory. In March 1951, the British government made a
    formal request to Menzies to conduct the test, designated
    Operation HURRICANE, at the Montebello Islands
    although the final decision to conduct the test there was
    not arrived at until that December.


    HMAS Karangi had already made a preliminary survey of
    the islands in November 1950 and HMAS Warrego (II)
    conducted a more detailed survey in July and August
    1951. Karangi and HMAS Koala laid moorings and placed
    navigational aids in the area in early 1952 in anticipation
    of the arrival of the RN/RAN fleet, designated Task Force
    4 (TF4), assembled to conduct the test. The Australian
    government announced the intention to test a British
    nuclear device in Australia in February 1952.



    A transit camp was established at Onslow on the Western
    Australian coast for personnel and stores travelling to the
    Montebellos. Construction work was carried out on
    Trimouille Island by No 5 Airfield Construction Squadron,
    RAAF, and a detachment of Royal Engineers, supported
    by Karangi and HMAS Mildura. They built five reinforced
    blockhouses and around 80 concrete foundations for
    scientific instruments as well as piers, hardstands, roads
    and towers. Submarine and shore cables were laid, and a
    camp, station building and laboratories were erected on
    Hermite Island some 5km south-west of the test site.
    The RAN component of TF4 comprised a variety of ships
    including the aircraft carrier HMAS Sydney (III), with 805
    and 817 Squadrons embarked.



    HMA Ships Tobruk (I), Hawkesbury, Macquarie, Murchison, Shoalhaven and
    Mildura carried out patrol work while the smaller vessels
    Karangi, Koala, Limicola, Reserve, Wareen, MRL 252 and
    MWL 251 performed useful work laying moorings,
    marking channels and providing valuable logistic and
    personnel support. Hawkesbury (I), in a position some 28
    miles to the south-east of ground zero, became the
    closest RAN unit to the detonation, where she conducted
    security and safety patrols before and after the test.
    Culgoa performed the duty of a weather ship for the main
    force, specific meterological conditions being absolutely
    essential for the conduct of both the HURRICANE and
    MOSAIC tests. Some of these ships embarked national
    servicemen undergoing training as part of their regular
    sea training program. For many, it was their first time at
    sea.




    The remainder of the article and photographs ...go to the link


    http://navyvic.net/associations/atom...re_02_2016.pdf

  4. #73

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    Re: British Nuclear Testing in Australia


    ‘Every spear is important’: TARNANTHI’s Kulata Tjuta exhibition

    October 5, 2017 by John Neylon




    The story of Kulata Tjuta Project takes a dramatic twist in TARNANTHI 2017 with a remarkable installation at the Art Gallery of South Australia about the Maralinga atomic testing program and generations of people caught in the blast. John Neylon recently travelled to the APY Lands to meet the artists and to hear their stories.

    “Every spear is important.” This is Peter Mungkuri speaking. He is one of the senior men associated with the Kulata Tjuta Project. He reminds us that re-establishing the practice of spear-making is far more than maintaining tradition for its own sake, or the art market.

    The Project was formally established in 2010 at Tjala Arts in the Amata by a number of senior men as a means of cultural maintenance, teaching young Community men the skills of carving (wood) and (spear) production.



    Full text and photographs at the link

    http://adelaidereview.com.au/arts/vi...-islander-art/

  5. #74

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    Re: British Nuclear Testing in Australia

    ADVANCE WARNING NOTICE!!


    Australia’s nuclear testing before the 1956 Olympics in Melbourne should be a red flag for Fukushima in 2020


    The scheduling of Tokyo 2020 Olympic events at Fukushima is being seen as a public relations exercise to dampen fears over continuing radioactivity from the reactor explosion that followed the massive earthquake six years ago.

    It brings to mind the British atomic bomb tests in Australia that continued until a month before the opening of the 1956 Olympic Games in Melbourne – despite the known dangers of fallout travelling from the testing site at Maralinga to cities in the east. And it reminds us of the collusion between scientists and politicians – British and Australian – to cover up the flawed decision-making that led to continued testing until the eve of the Games.


    Read more: Sixty years on, the Maralinga bomb tests remind us not to put security over safety



    FULL TEXT. https://theconversation.com/australi...-in-2020-85787

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